What Helps with Pigment Spots? The Best Tips & Tricks
Many women have pigment spots. But where do they come from? How can they be avoided? And how do you get rid of them? We know the causes and answer the most common questions about pigment spots.
Pigmented spots: These are the causes of hyperpigmentation
The fact that our skin turns brown is a protective mechanism of our body. As soon as it comes into contact with UV radiation, melanin production runs at full speed. This body’s own pigment (skin pigment) protects the skin by converting the rays into heat. Actually very clever!
However, this process in the skin can be disturbed by various factors. Then certain cells (melanocytes) either produce too much melanin, resulting in brownish discolorations on the skin (hyperpigmentation). This is because the pigments are no longer distributed evenly but clump together. However, it can also happen that in some places too little melanin or no melanin at all is produced. This so-called depigmentation manifests itself in white spots on the skin.
Which external influences can cause pigment spots?
If pigment disorders are genetically caused and differ from skin type to skin type, such as freckles or skin diseases such as white spot, there is hardly anything you can do about them. However, many pigment spots only occur or are intensified by external influences. These include hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or taking the contraceptive pill, high and long exposure to the sun without SPF or photosensitizing drugs.
The main cause of pigment spots, however, is strong UV exposure – which is why discolouration occurs primarily in areas that are particularly exposed to the sun, such as the face, décolleté, arms and hands. Since the skin has to do with hormone fluctuations or UV light more and more with increasing age, many people call hyperpigmentation, i.e. the dark skin spots also age spots (according to Lipofuszin). Especially on the hands these pigment spots appear – we have anti-aging tricks for the hands and other anti-aging topics.
Pigment spots: Are they dangerous?
In the case of hyperpigmentation, a distinction is made between melasma and pigment spots. The former are usually caused by hormone changes and are ochre to light brown discolorations. They are mainly found on the face, upper lip, forehead and cheekbones.
Pigmented spots appear not only on the face but also on the décolleté, hands and arms. They are beige to dark brown, sharply defined by their shape and usually have a diameter of only a few millimetres. They often occur due to increased UV radiation and can therefore often be observed in light-skinned, older women. This is also the origin of the term age spots. Not to be confused with liver spots (lat. lentigines). These are mostly congenital or develop in young adulthood. Here we tell you everything you need to know to remove moles. Check this post out.
Are they a sign of skin cancer?
Like pigment spots, melasma is completely harmless from a medical point of view. Nevertheless, they should be checked during the annual skin screening. Because UV radiation also favours skin cancer. Moles should also be subjected to an annual skin screening, as they can degenerate and become malignant. A regular control and differentiation of liver spots, melasma and pigment spots by a doctor is therefore very important. And: Always apply SPF 30-50!
This is how pigment spots can be prevented:
Since hyperpigmentation is usually caused or promoted by exposure to the sun, high sun protection SPF is essential, especially for sensitive skin. This is especially true during pregnancy or when taking the pill, as the skin is then usually more sensitive and sensitive. It is important not to use sun protection with increasing age. It is optimal to wear UV protection with anti-aging at an early age, which has been tested for skin compatibility. A day cream with SPF, but also hand creams and body lotions, for example, is useful. Avoid the midday sun in summer or holidays better, in order to prevent possible skin diseases or skin cancer.
How can I get rid of pigment spots?
Creams with brightening effect: So-called brightening creams (e.g. ‘Even Brighter’ from Eucerin or La Roche-Posay with the series ‘Pigmentclar’) help to lighten pigment spots and prevent a pigment disorder. The active ingredients are able to break down and remove melanin and inhibit the production of the dye. In order to counteract the pigment disorder, the creams must be applied daily over a longer period of time so that the first results become visible. Whitening creams with vitamin C, mulberry or oleic acid extract can also reduce melanin production. With care and correction pens, pigment spots can be specifically concealed.
Chemical peelings: With the help of acids, chemical peelings are used in such a way that the skin underneath is irritated and begins to peel. A procedure that should be evaluated and carried out by a specialist. Depending on the extent of the pigment disorders, several sessions may be necessary. Since the new skin after this treatment is very (light-) sensitive, it is advisable to have chemical peelings carried out only in the winter months. Even impure skin benefits from a chemical peeling.
Laser treatment: Discoloration can also be treated with a laser. It accurately hits cells that contain too much dye and dissolves them. The dye is then removed by the body’s own immune system. The aim is to protect the surrounding tissue as much as possible. As with a chemical peeling, the laser treatment can only be carried out in the winter months in order to avoid additional stress on the light-sensitive skin.
And: Always consult an expert!